Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
- Family: Holly (Aquifoliaceae)
- Field Marks: This evergreen holly has black drupes at maturity and dotted leaves toothless or
with a few bristle-like teeth.
- Habitat: Low pinelands, flatwoods, swamps, stream banks, wet thickets, bogs, bays, savannas,
- Habit: Shrub or rarely a small tree, up to 15 feet tall.
- Twigs: Dark brown to gray, short-hairy when young, with lenticels.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, evergreen, leathery, elliptic to oval to lanceolate, pointed or rounded
at the tip, tapering to the base, without teeth, at least along the upper half of the leaf, or with
a few bristle-like teeth, smooth on the upper surface except along the veins, smooth or hairy and
dotted on the lower surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 2 inches wide; leaf stalks short-hairy.
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne separately on separate plants; male flowers 1-several
in axillary clusters; female flowers 1-several in axillary clusters.
- Sepals: 5-9, green, united below.
- Petals: 5-9, white, free from each other.
- Stamens: 5-9.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Drupes red at first, becoming black and shiny at maturity, spherical, 1/4-1/3 inch in
diameter, sweet and juicy; nutlets 5-9.
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