Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Ilex cassine L.
- Family: Holly (Aquifoliaceae)
- Flowering: May-June
- Field Marks: This evergreen holly is recognized by its usually toothless leaves more than 1/2 inch wide.
- Habitat: Swamps, stream banks, low pinelands, pond margins, flatwoods, bogs, pocosins.
- Habit: Shrub or tree up to 30 feet tall.
- Bark: Gray, smooth, even at maturity.
- Twigs: Slender, smooth or
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, evergreen, oblong to elliptic to oblanceolate, pointed or less
commonly rounded at the tip, tapering to the base, usually toothless, usually smooth on the upper
surface, smooth or hairy on the lower surface, up to 6 inches long, up to 2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Male
and female flowers borne separately on separate plants; male flowers several in axillary cymes up to 2
1/2 inches long; female flowers 1-4 in axillary clusters.
- Sepals: 4, green, united below.
- Petals: 4, white,
free from each other.
- Stamens: 4.
- Pistils: Ovary superior; stigmas usually 4.
- Fruits: Drupes red or
orange-red, spherical, 1/4-1/3 inch in diameter; nutlets 4.
- Notes: This species makes a handsome
Previous Species -- Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier)
Return to Species List -- Group 5
Next Species -- Bay-gall Holly (Ilex coriacea)