Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Ilex amelanchier M. A. Curt.
- Family: Holly (Aquifoliaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This is a deciduous holly that is further distinguished by its sparsely toothed or
toothless leaves which are uniformly shaggy hairy on the lower surface.
- Habitat: Low sandy woods, swamps, floodplain forests, stream banks.
- Habit: Shrub or small tree, usually with several stems, up to 15 feet tall.
- Twigs: Grayish brown, hairy when young, becoming smooth with age, with conspicuous lenticels.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, deciduous, oblong to elliptic to obovate, pointed or rounded at the tip,
rounded or tapering to the base, toothless or with sparse, small teeth, smooth on the upper surface at
maturity, uniformly shaggy hairy on the lower surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 2 inches wide; leaf
- Flowers: Male and female flowers borne separately on separate plants; male flowers numerous in
axillary clusters; female flowers 1 or few, usually in the leaf axils.
- Sepals: 4, green, united below.
- Petals: 4, white or yellowish, free from each other.
- Stamens: 4.
- Pistils: Ovary superior; stigmas usually 4.
- Fruits: Drupes red, not shiny, spherical, 1/4-1/2 inch in diameter; nutlets 4.
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