Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch
- Family: Heath (Ericaceae)
- Flowering: May-June
- Field Marks: The features that distinguish this huckleberry from the others are the leaves that
are green on both surfaces but with many dots, and its small, deciduous bracts shorter than the
- Habitat: Dry to moist soils in woods and clearings.
- Habit: Shrub with many upright, stiff branchlets.
- Stems: Slender, gray, hairy when young but usually smooth at maturity, up to 3 feet tall.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, not evergreen, leathery, oval to oblong, rounded or somewhat
pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, without teeth, smooth and green on both surfaces, with
many dots, up to 2 inches long, usually less than 1 inch wide.
- Flowers: Several in short racemes, bell-shaped, up to 1/4 inch long, each flower subtended
by small, deciduous bracts shorter than the flower stalks.
- Sepals: 5, green, united into a small cup.
- Petals: 5, pink or red, united to form a short, cylindrical bell.
- Stamens: 10.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Berry-like drupes black or rarely bluish, spherical, up to 1/4 inch in diameter, sweet;
- Notes: The fruits are edible but are very seedy.
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