Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Fraxinus profunda (Bush) Bush
- Family: Ash (Oleaceae)
- Flowering: April-May
- Field Marks: This is the only ash with velvety-hairy twigs and usually toothless leaflets.
- Habitat: Swamps, low woods.
- Habit: Tree up to 120 feet tall, with a trunk diameter up to 3 feet; crown broadly rounded.
- Bark: Gray, becoming scaly with age.
- Twigs: Stout, gray or brown, usually velvety.
- Leaves: Opposite, pinnately compound, with 7-9 leaflets; leaflets lanceolate to elliptic, pointed
at the tip, tapering or rounded at the base, usually toothless, smooth on the upper surface, velvety-hairy on the lower surface, up to 10 inches long, up to 5 inches wide.
- Flowers: Male and female borne on separate trees, in crowded clusters, appearing before the
- Sepals: 4, very small, green to purplish.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: 2.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Several in an elongated cluster, winged, flat, oblong, sometimes notched at the tip, up to
3 inches long, up to 1/2 inch broad.
- Notes: The wood of pumpkin ash, which is heavy and hard, is used for boxes, paper pulp, and
Previous Species -- Carolina Ash (Fraxinus caroliniana)
Return to Species List -- Group 5
Next Species -- Black Huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)