Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Southern Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Crataegus crus-galli L.
- Family: Rose (Rosaceae)
- Flowering: May-June
- Field Marks: The leaves of this hawthorn are broadest above the middle, unlobed, and
- Habitat: Pastures, thickets, woods, fencerows, bottomland forests, wet pine flatwoods.
- Habit: Tree to 20 feet tall; trunk diameter up to 8 inches; crown broadly rounded.
- Bark: Dark brown, scaly.
- Twigs: Moderately stout, light brown, smooth, usually with sharp spines up to 4 inches long.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, somewhat leathery, obovate to oblanceolate, broadest above the
middle, rounded or short-pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, toothed, at least in the upper
half of the leaf, dark green, smooth and shiny on the upper surface, paler and smooth on the lower
surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 1 1/2 inches wide.
- Flowers: Showy, several in a cluster, each about 3/4 inch across.
- Sepals: 5, green, very narrow, pointed, united below, up to 1/4 inch long.
- Petals: 5, white, free from each other, up to 1/3 inch long.
- Stamens: About 20.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior.
- Fruits: Spherical or nearly so, red, fleshy but dry, up to 1/2 inch in diameter, containing 1-5
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