Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Northeast Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Plantago rugelii Decne.
- Family: Plantain (Plantaginaceae)
- Flowering: July-October
- Field Marks: This plantain is distinguished by its continuous cylindrical spikes of flowers and
its broadly elliptic leaves with the lowest portions of the stalk reddish.
- Habitat: Disturbed soil.
- Habit: Annual or perennial herb from a taproot.
- Stems: Leafless, bearing only a spike of flowers.
- Leaves: Basal, spreading or ascending, oval to broadly elliptic, up to 1 foot long, smooth or
somewhat hairy, conspicuously parallel-veined, with reddish stalks.
- Flowers: Crowded into solitary spikes, the spikes cylindrical, continuous, up to 1 foot long,
the lowest flowers usually not overlapping; all flowers short-stalked.
- Sepals: 4, united below, green, the lobes oblong and keeled.
- Petals: 4, united below, whitish, thin, papery, the lobes about 1/24 inch long.
- Stamens: 2 or 4, attached to the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary inferior; style 1.
- Fruits: Capsules ellipsoid, 1/6-1/4 inch long, with 4-10 oval seeds up to 1/8 inch long.
- Notes: This species can be a nuisance in lawns.
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