Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Northeast Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Phlox maculata L.
- Family: Phlox (Polemoniaceae)
- Flowering: May-August
- Field Marks: This Phlox is readily distinguished by its purple-spotted stems and its sepal
lobes shorter than the tube.
- Habitat: Fens, wet meadows, bottomlands.
- Habit: Perennial herb from slender rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, usually unbranched, purple-spotted, up to 2 1/2 feet tall, smooth or short-hairy.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, narrowly ovate to lanceolate to linear, pointed at the tip, tapering or rounded at the base, up to 4 inches long, without teeth, smooth or sparsely hairy.
- Flowers: Several in dense, cylindrical panicles up to 1 foot long, each flower pink to reddish purple, up to 3/4 inch across; flower stalks short.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below to form a tube, the lobes triangular, pointed, not glandular-hairy, about 1/4 as long as the tube; tube about 1/3 inch long.
- Petals: 5, pink or reddish purple, united below to form a slender tube, the lobes rounded, up to 1/2 inch long, the tube up to 1 1/4 inches long.
- Stamens: 5, attached to the tube of the petals, not exserted beyond the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, smooth; stigmas 3.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, smooth, 1/3-1/2 inch long.
- Notes: This species is commonly cultivated and may escape.
Previous Species -- Narrow-leaf Sundrops (Oenothera fruticosa)
Return to Species List -- Group 7
Next Species -- Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum flexuosum)