Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Northeast Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Zigadenus glaucus Nutt.
- Family: Lily (Liliaceae)
- Flowering: July-September
- Field Marks: This poisonous member of the lily family has a bulbous base and sepals and petals that are creamy-white but with green or bronze or purplish markings on the back.
- Habitat: Bogs, fens, shores.
- Habit: Perennial herb from fibrous, glaucous bulbs.
- Stems: Upright, smooth, up to nearly 3 feet tall.
- Leaves: Mostly all basal, elongated, linear, grooved, leathery, rounded or slightly pointed at the tip, up to 1 inch wide; leaves on the stem few, similar but much smaller.
- Flowers: Several in a little branched panicle or sometimes few in a raceme, subtended by short-pointed, linear bracts.
- Sepals and Petals: 6, all similar, elliptic-oblong to narrowly ovate or obovate, attached to the base of the ovary, creamy-white, with green or bronze or purplish markings on the back, up to 3/4 inch long, with conspicuous green glands on the inside base of each segment.
- Stamens: 6, free from the sepals and petals.
- Pistils: Ovary superior; styles 3.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, up to 3/4 inch long, with recurved beaks; seeds oblanceolate, about 1/4 inch long.
- Notes: This and many other species of the genus are poisonous and have been given another common name of death camas. Some recent authors regard this species as an eastern variety of Z. elegans.
Previous Species -- Atlantic Deathcamas (Zigadenus glaberrimus)
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