Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Northeast Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Juncus secundus Beauv.
- Family: Rush (Juncaceae)
- Flowering: June-October
- Field Marks: This rush is distinguished by its flowers borne on one side of the inflorescence
branches and its flat basal leaves which are generally 1/2 the length of the stem.
- Habitat: Dry soil, rocky bluffs, clearings.
- Habit: Tufted perennial with fibrous roots.
- Stems: Upright, unbranched, smooth, up to 16 inches tall.
- Leaves: Elongated, flat, smooth, up to 6 inches long, about 1/20 inch wide, up to nearly half as long as the stem.
- Flowers: Borne on the inner side of the curved inflorescence branches, the inflorescence up to 6 inches long, subtended by 2 leaf-like bracts that are usually shorter than the inflorescence.
- Sepals: 3, free from each other, lanceolate, up to 1/6 inch long, pointed at the tip.
- Petals: 3, free from each other, lanceolate, usually slightly shorter than the sepals, pointed at the tip.
- Stamens: 6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, smooth.
- Fruits: Capsules ovoid, more or less triangular, rounded at the tip except for a small point, about 1/6 inch long; seeds oblongoid, about 1/40 inch long, pointed at each end.
- Notes: The seeds are eaten by wildlife.
Previous Species -- Flat-leaf Rush (Juncus platyphyllus)
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