Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Northeast Wetland Flora
Field Office Guide to Plant Species
Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf.
- Family: Lily (Liliaceae)
- Flowering: May-August
- Field Marks: This species is distinguished by its umbel of greenish yellow flowers on a
leafless stalk, its 2-4 large oval leaves, and its blue berries.
- Habitat: Woods.
- Habit: Perennial herb with slender rhizomes.
- Stems: Upright, unbranched, without leaves, smooth, up to 1 foot tall, bearing an umbel of
flowers at the tip.
- Leaves: 2-4, all basal, leathery, up to 1 foot long, ciliate.
- Flowers: 2-8 in a terminal umbel, up to nearly 1 inch long, greenish yellow.
- Sepals and Petals: 6, united to form a small bell, greenish yellow, up to nearly 1 inch long,
soft-hairy on the outer surface.
- Stamens: 6.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Berries blue, ovoid.
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