Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea)
- Family: Grass (Poaceae)
- Flowering: April-August.
- Field Marks: This grass has spikelets with 1 flower and 3 or 4 empty scales, rather than 2 empty scales. The leaves may be 1 inch broad.
- Habitat: Marshes, along streams, wet meadows.
- Habit: Perennial herb with scaly, creeping rhizomes.
- Stems: Erect, smooth, up to 4 feet tall.
- Leaves: Flat, elongated, up to nearly 1 inch broad.
- Flowers: Borne in spikelets with many spikelets arranged in a spike-like panicle up to 1 foot long; each spikelet 1-flowered, with 3 or 4 empty scales.
- Stamens: 3.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Grains: Ellipsoid, about 1/10 inch long.
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