Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Virginia Bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus)
- Family: Mint (Lamiaceae)
- Flowering: July-October.
- Field Marks: This Lycopus differs from all others by its toothed, sessile or short-stalked leaves and its broadly triangular sepals about 1/20 inch long.
- Habitat: Wet woods, wet meadows, along streams, roadside ditches.
- Habit: Perennial herb with slender stolons and occasional tuberous swellings.
- Stems: Erect, smooth or minutely hairy, up to 1 foot tall.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, lanceolate to elliptic, pointed at the tip, tapering to the sessile or short-stalked base, coarsely toothed, minutely hairy, up to 5 inches long, up to 2 inches broad.
- Flowers: Several crowded in the axils of the leaves, white.
- Sepals: 5, green, united below, the broad lobes triangular, about 1/10 inch long.
- Petals: 4, white, united below, up to 1/8 inch long.
- Stamens: 2, not protruding above the petals.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, 4-parted.
- Fruits: Nutlets 4, longer than the sepals, up to 1/10 inch long.
- Notes: The nutlets are eaten by waterfowl.
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