Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Barnyard Grass (Echinocloa crusgalli)
- Family: Grass (Poaceae)
- Flowering: June-November.
- Field Marks: This grass differs from the very similar wild millet by its soft-tipped lemmas.
- Habitat: Wet ground, usually in disturbed areas.
- Habit: Perennial herb with tufts of fibrous roots.
- Stems: Erect, smooth, branched or unbranched, up to 6 feet tall.
- Leaves: Long and narrow, up to 1 1/2 inches broad, usually slightly rough to the touch; sheaths smooth or with broad-based hairs.
- Flowers: 1 per spikelet, with many spikelets grouped to form spikes, the spikes in turn forming a panicle up to 1 foot long; spikelets ovoid, 1/6-1/4 inch long; lemmas with a soft tip, with or without a terminal awn.
- Grains: About 1/10 inch long.
- Notes: The grains are eaten by waterfowl.
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