Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata)
- Family: Elm (Ulmaceae)
- Flowering: April-May.
- Field Marks: Species of Celtis have alternate, simple leaves. They differ from elms by their warty bark and presence of berries. Sugarberry usually differs from other species by its mostly narrower leaves, absence or scarcity of teeth, and smooth leaf surfaces.
- Habitat: Along streams, floodplain woods; less commonly in dry soil.
- Habit: Tree up to 75 feet tall, with an open, broad crown and drooping branches.
- Bark: Gray, with many conspicuous warts.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple, lanceolate, long-pointed at the tip, tapering or rounded at the base, with few or no teeth along the edges, usually smooth to the touch, up to 6 inches long, less than half as broad.
- Flowers: 1 to several in drooping clusters, appearing after the leaves are partly grown, greenish yellow.
- Sepals: 4-6.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: Usually 5.
- Pistils: Ovary superior, with 2 stigmas.
- Fruits: Fleshy, ellipsoid to nearly round, reddish orange to yellowish, about 1/4 inch in diameter, 1-seeded, borne on long, drooping stalks.
- Notes: The fruits are eaten and the seeds are dispersed by birds.
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