Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
- Family: Nettle (Urticaceae)
- Flowering: June-October.
- Field Marks: This nettle is distinguished by its opposite leaves and the absence of stinging hairs.
- Habitat: Low woods, along streams, wet meadows, bogs, marshes.
- Habit: Perennial herbs from thickened rootstocks.
- Stems: Erect, unbranched, smooth, more or less 4-angled, up to 2 1/2 feet tall.
- Leaves: Opposite, simple, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed at the tip, rounded at the base, with 3 main veins, coarsely toothed, smooth, up to 3 inches long.
- Flowers: Many tiny flowers crowded into slender spikes borne from the axils of the leaves, the male flowers usually on separate plants from the female flowers, each flower greenish white, about 1/12 inches long.
- Sepals: 4, united.
- Petals: 0.
- Stamens: 4.
- Pistils: Ovary superior.
- Fruits: Achenes ovoid, narrowly winged, up to 1/10 inch long.
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