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Species Abstracts of Highly Disruptive Exotic Plants

GIF - Map showing Monument Locations

The invasion of non-indigenous plants has been recognized by park managers and natural resource scientists as one of the most serious threats to the integrity of natural systems, rare communities and species, and animal habitat. In a collaborative and on-going project, NBS, the National Park Service, and academic scientists are collecting the data necessary (1) to determine distribution and abundance of non-indigenous plants in national parks in the central United States, and (2) to rank the plants with respect to their invasiveness, potential to disrupt the ecosystem, and ability to be controlled. This information will be used to develop realistic management plans for non-indigenous plant species at each park.

The pages that follow include the ranking system, developed by Ronald Hiebert and James Stubbendiek, and comprehensive abstracts for each species that was ranked as highly disruptive in the areas that have been surveyed. The abstracts contain information on the taxonomy, ecology, distribution within the park, control options, and a literature review for each plant.

Currently, field work is continuing at Theodore Roosevelt National Park and is planned for Wind Cave National Park and Knife River Indian Villages. If you have comments or questions regarding this project, you may direct them to Diane Larson, Research Biologist, Northern Prairie Science Center.

All abstracts included here were initially written by Chuck Butterfield and edited by James Stubbendieck for Pipestone National Monument (PIPE), with the exception of the abstracts on Cynoglossum, Centaurea, and Lythrum which were written by Julie Stumpf and edited by James Stubbendieck. For the Scotts Bluff (SCBL) and Effigy Mounds (EFMO) National Monuments reports, abstracts of plants that had also occurred at PIPE were simply modified to reflect that parks population numbers and rankings. Thus, there will be quite a lot of repetition in abstracts between the park's with only ranking and population numbers changed.

This resource should be cited as:
Butterfield, Chuck, James Stubbendieck, and Julie Stumpf.  1996.  Species 
     abstracts of highly disruptive exotic plants.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 16JUL97).

Table of Contents

Effigy Mounds National Monument (December 1994)

Pipestone National Monument (July 1992)

Scotts Bluff National Monument

Local Control Experts for SCBL Species:

	Extension Weed Specialist
	Panhandle Research and Extension Center
	4502 Avenue I
	Scotts Bluff, NE  69361-4939
	(308) 635-2640

Local Control Experts for PIPE Species:

	Extension Weed Specialist                           Department of Natural Resources      
	Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics           Box 25 DNR Building
	University of Minnesota                             500 Lafayette Road
	St. Paul, MN 55155                                  St. Paul, MN  55155
	(612) 625-5753                                      (612) 296-0778

For further information on any of these National Monuments contact the following:

Effigy Mounds National Monument
151 Highway 76
Harper's Ferry, Iowa 52146

Pipestone National Monument
P.O. Box 727
Pipestone, Minnesota 56164

Scotts Bluff National Monument
P.O. Box 27
Gering, Nebraska 69341-0027

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