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Calculating Mallard Brood Survival

This resource consists of a downloadable spreadsheet (Quattro Pro 8.0) for calculating brood survival estimates using the results of Krapu et al. (2000).


Krapu, Gary L., Pamela J. Pietz, David A. Brandt and Robert R. Cox Jr.  2000. 
     Factors Limiting Mallard Brood Survival in Prairie Pothole Landscapes.
     Journal of Wildife Management 64(2):553-561.

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