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Tolerance by Denning Wolves, Canis lupus, to Human Disturbance

Literature Cited


Ballard, W.B., J.S. Whitman, and C.L. Gardner. 1987. Ecology of an exploited wolf 
     population in south-central Alaska. Wildlife Monographs, Number 98. 54 pages.

Chapman,  R.C. 1979. Human disturbance at wolf dens - a management problem.  
     Pages 323-328 in Proceedings of the 1st Conference Scientific Research 
     in the National Parks. Edited by R.M. Linn. U.S. National Park Service., 
     Proceedings Series Number 5., Volume 1.

Fritts, S.H., and W. Paul. 1989. Interactions of wolves and dogs in Minnesota.  
     Wildlife Society Bulletin 17:121-123.

Fritts, S.H., E.E. Bangs, and J.F. Gore. 1994. The relationship of wolf 
     recovery to habitat conservation and biodiversity in the northwestern 
     United States. Landscape Urban Planning 28:23-32.

Jimenez, M. 1995. Tolerance and respect help Nine Mile wolves recover.  
     International Wolf 5(3):18-19.

Licht, D.S., and S.H. Fritts. 1994. Gray wolf (Canis lupus) occurrences in 
     the Dakotas. American Midland Naturalist 132:74-81.

Mech, L.D. 1995. The challenge and opportunity of recovering wolf populations.  
     Conservation Biology 9(2):270-278.

Mech, L.D., S.H. Fritts, and D. Wagner. 1995. Minnesota wolf dispersal to 
     Wisconsin and Michigan. American Midland Naturalist 133:368-370.

Mech, L.D., L.G. Adams, T.J. Meier, J.W. Burch, and B.W. Dale. 1998. The 
     wolves of Denali. University of Minnesota Press.

Merrill, S. 1996. The wolves of Camp Ripley. International Wolf. Spring 7-8, 
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Theberge, J. 1975. Wolves and wilderness. J.M. Dent and Sons, Toronto. 159 
     pages.

Thiel, R.P. and T. Valen. 1995. Developing a state timber wolf recovery plan 
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     conservation of wolves in a changing world. Edited by L.N. Carbyn, S.H.
     Fritts, and D.R. Seip. Canadian Circumpolar Institute. Edmonton, Alberta.
 
Thiel, R.P., W.H. Hall, and R.M. Schultz. 1997. Early den digging by wolves, 
     Canis lupus, in Wisconsin. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111:481-482.

Tucker, P. and D. Pletscher. 1989. Attitudes of hunters and residents towards 
     wolves in northwestern Montana. Wildlife Society Bulletin 17:509-514. 

Young, S.P. and E.R. Goldman. 1944. The wolves of North America. American 
     Wildlife Institute. Washington, D.C.

Zimen, E. and L. Boitani. 1975. Number and distribution of the wolf in Italy.  
     Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 40:102-112.

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