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Tolerance by Denning Wolves, Canis lupus, to Human Disturbance

by

Richard P. Thiel1, Samuel Merrill2, and L. David Mech3


Wolves are considered to be intolerant of human activity, especially near dens and pups. In recent years range extensions of the species in the upper Great Lakes region have brought Wolves in closer contact with humans. We report observations of Wolves tolerating human activity in close proximity to dens and rendezvous sites with pups. These include moss harvesting work in the Black River State Forest, Wisconsin; military maneuvers at Camp Ripley Military Reservation, and road construction work in the Superior National Forest in Minnesota.

Key Words: Gray Wolf, Canis lupus, dens, pups, human activity, tolerance.


This resource is based on the following source (Northern Prairie Publication LDM0164):
Thiel, Richard P., Samuel Merrill, and L. David Mech.  1998.  Tolerance by 
     denning Wolves, Canis lupus, to human disturbance.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 
     122(2):340-342.

This resource should be cited as:

Thiel, Richard P., Samuel Merrill, and L. David Mech.  1998.  Tolerance by 
     denning Wolves, Canis lupus, to human disturbance.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 
     122(2):340-342.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center 
     Online.  http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/wolftol/index.htm  
     (Version 04AUG2000).

Table of Contents


1 Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Sandhill Wildlife Area, Box 156, Babcock, Wisconsin 54413, USA.
2 Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, CRC-EN, Department of the Army, Camp Ripley, Box 150, Little Falls, Minnesota 56345-0150, USA.
3 Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U. S. Geological Survey, Laurel, Maryland 20708-4015, USA.  Mailing address: North Central Forest Experiment Station, 1992 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA.
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