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Trends and Management of Wolf-Livestock Conflicts in Minnesota

Table 1


Table 1. Livestock claimed (C) and verified (V) as killed by wolves in Minnesota, 1979-89. Verified losses are included within claimed losses. The depredation control program was administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service until its transfer to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service in 1986.

Species
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
C
V
Cows + (bulls)
7
5
10
4
6
6
4
1
17
3
4(1)
1(0)
14(1)
3(0)
6(1)
4
5
4
3
2
7(1)
5(1)
Calves + (yearlings)
98
12
45
12
60
24
54
23
82
32
37(4)
8(1)
62(1)
19(1)
52(4)
19(3)
40(3)
19(1)
60(7)
28(1)
57(5)
31(3)
Sheep
1
1
73
56
242
110
27
12
45
29
161
92
149
75
36
13
24
9
112
68
73
47
Goats
0
0
0
0
8
0
4
0
2
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
8
0
0
0
1
1
Pigs
0
0
0
0
1
0
20
2
284
6
several
3
0
0
0
0
5
5
0
0
0
0
Horses + (foals)
0
0
(1)
(1)
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
Turkeys
0
0
56
56
725
571
434
50
127
127
296
294
120
0
481
285
1,903
1,753
301
251
2,031
1,636
Chickens
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
1
0
0
0
17
15
0
0
Ducks
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Geese
0
0
0
0
10
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
1
3
0
20
0
Guinea fowl
0
0
0
0
100
6
0
0
0
0
12
1
50
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

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