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Death of a Wild Wolf from Canine
Parvoviral Enteritis

Literature Cited

Johnson, M. R., D. K. Boyd, and D. H. Pletscher.  1994.  Serology of canine 
     parvovirus and canine distemper in relation to wolf (Canis lupus) pup 
     mortalities.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 30:270-273.

Mech, L. D., and E. M. Gese.  1992.  Field testing the Wildlink Capture Collar 
     on wolves.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 20:249-256.

_____, and S. M. Goyal.  1995.  Effects of canine parvovirus on gray 
     wolves in Minnesota.  The Journal of Wildlife Management 59:565-570.

_____, _____, C. N. Bota, and U. S. Seal.  1986.  Canine parvovirus 
     infection in wolves (Canis lupus) from Minnesota.  Journal of Wildlife 
     Diseases 22:104-106.

Muneer, M. E., I. O. Farah, K. A. Pomeroy, S. M. Goyal, and L. D. Mech.  1988.  
     Detection of parvoviruses in wolf feces by electron microscopy.  Journal 
     of Wildlife Diseases 24:170-172.

Wydeven, A. P., R. N. Schultz, and R. P. Thiel.  1995.  Monitoring of a gray 
     wolf population in Wisconsin 1979-1991.  In Ecology and conservation 
     of wolves in a changing world, L. D. Carbyn, S. H. Fritts, and D. R. Seip, 
     (eds.). Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, pp. 147-

Zarnke, R. L., and W. B. Ballard.  1987.  Serologic survey for selected microbial 
     pathogens of wolves in Alaska.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 23:77-85.

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