Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
The park is home to approximately 22,000 elk, 4,000 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 2,800 bison (Bison bison), 700 moose (Alces alces), 300 bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), 600 pronghorns (Antilocapra americana), and scattered mountain goats (Oreamnus americanus; Singer and Mack 1993). During our study, 48 wolves occurred in 9 packs during 1997, whereas 68 wolves occurred in 8 packs during 1998. About half of the wolves wore radiocollars. In the northeastern corner of the park (Fig. 1), where most of the elk spend late winter and spring, we studied the Druid Peak pack (5 members in 1997, 8 in 1998), the Rose Creek pack (10 members in 1997, 15 in 1998), and the Leopold pack (5 in 1997, 9 in 1998). Wolf density in this northern range was 25 wolves/1,000 km² in 1997 and 46/1,000 km² in 1998.
|Fig. 1. The northern range study area in northeastern Yellowstone National Park with wolf pack territories defined, 1997-1998.|