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Lack of Reproduction in Muskoxen and
Arctic Hares Caused by Early Winter?

References


ENVIRONMENT CANADA. 1998. Weather records. http://www.cmc.gc.ca/climate/
 
FORCHHAMMER, M., and BOERTMANN, D. 1993.  The muskoxen Ovibos moschatus 
     in north and northeast Greenland: Population trends and the influence of 
     abiotic parameters on population dynamics. Ecography 16:299-308.
 
GUNN, A., MILLER, F.L., and Mc LEAN, B.  1989.  Evidence for and possible causes 
     of increased mortality of bull muskoxen during severe winters.  Canadian 
     Journal of Zoology 67:1106-1111.

KLEIN, D.R., and BAY, C. 1995.  Digestibility of forage types by arctic hares.
     EcoScience 2:100-102.

MECH L.D.  1994.  Travel speeds of arctic wolves.  Journal of Mammalogy 75:
     741-742.

_____. 1995.  A ten-year history of the demography and productivity of an
     arctic wolf pack.  Arctic 48:329-332.

_____. 1997.  The arctic wolf: Ten years with the pack. Stillwater, 
     Minnesota: Voyageur Press.
 
MECH, L.D., and ADAMS, L.G. 1999.  Killing of a muskox, Ovibos moschatus,
     by two wolves, Canis lupus, and subsequent caching.  Canadian 
     Field-Naturalist 113: 673-675.

PARKER, G.R. 1977. Morphology, reproduction, diet, and behavior of the arctic 
     hare (Lepus arcticus monstrabilis) on Axel Heiberg Island, 
     Northwest Territories.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 91:8-18.

SCHAEFER, J.A., STEVENS, S.D., and MESSIER, F. 1996.  Comparative winter 
     habitat use and associations among herbivores in the High Arctic.  Arctic
     49:387-391.

THEBERGE, J.B. 1972. Northern wildlife resources--will we lose by default?  
     Nature Canada 1(3):26-32.

THOMAS, D.C., MILLER, F.L., RUSSELL, R.H. and PARKER, G.R. 1981.  The Bailey 
     Point region and other muskox refugia in the Canadian Arctic: A short 
     review. Arctic 34:34-36.

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