USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Dispersal Patterns of Red Foxes Relative to Population Density

Literature Cited

ALLEN, S. H. 1984. Some aspects of reproductive performance in female red fox 
     in North Dakota. J. Mammal. 65:246-255.

_____, and A. B. SARGEANT. 1975. A rural mail carrier index of North Dakota red
     foxes. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 3:74-77.

_____, _____, and W. K. PFEIFER. 1974. Tallying red foxes. N.D. Outdoors 36:7-9.

ANDELT, W. F. 1985. Behavioral ecology of coyotes in south Texas. Wildl. 
     Monogr. 94. 45pp.

ANDREWS, R. D., G. L. STORM, R. L. PHILLIPS, and R. A. BISHOP. 1973. Survival
     and movements of transplanted and adopted red fox pups. J. Wildl. Manage. 

ARNOLD, D. A., and R. D. SCHOFIELD. 1956. Home range and dispersal of Michigan 
     red foxes. Mich. Acad. Sci. 41:91-97.

BALSER, D. S., H. H. DILL, and H. K. NELSON. 1968. Effect of predator reduction
     on waterfowl nesting success. J. Wildl. Manage. 32:669-682.

DEEMS, E. F., JR., and D. PURSLEY, editors. 1978. North American furbearers: 
     their management, research, and harvest status in 1976. Int. Assoc. Fish 
     and Wildl. Agencies and Md. Dep. Nat. Resour. 171 pp.

ERRINGTON, P. L., and R. M. BERRY. 1937. Tagging studies of red foxes. J. 
     Mammal. 18:203-205.

FONER, H. 1982. The fur market price. Pages 109-119 in G. C. Sanderson, ed.       
     Midwest furbearer management. Proc. 1981 Symp., North Cent. Sect., Cent. 
     Mt. and Plains Sect., and Kans. Chap., Wildl. Soc.

HARRIS, S. 1981. An estimation of the number of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in the
     city of Bristol, and some possible factors affecting their distribution. 
     J. Appl. Ecol. 18:455-465.

_____, and J. M. V. RAYNER. 1986. Urban fox (Vulpes vulpes) population 
     estimates and habitat requirements in several British cities. J. Anim. 
     Ecol. 55:575-591.

_____, and W. J. TREWHELLA. 1988. An analysis of some of the factors affecting 
     dispersal in an urban fox (Vulpes vulpes) population. J. Appl. Ecol.

HEWSON, R. 1986. Distribution and density of fox breeding dens and the effects 
     of management. J. Appl. Ecol. 23:531-538.

HOWARD, W. E. 1960. Innate and environmental dispersal of individual 
     vertebrates. Am. Midl. Nat. 63:152-161.

JENSEN, B. 1973. Movements of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Denmark
     investigated by marking and recovery. Danish Rev. Game Biol. 8:1-20.

KNOWLTON, F. F. 1972. Preliminary interpretations of coyote population 
     mechanics with some management implications. J. Wildl. Manage. 36: 

LLOYD, H. G. 1980. The red fox. B. T. Batsford Ltd., London. 320pp.

MACDONALD, D. W. 1979. 'Helpers' in fox society. Nature (London) 282:69-71.

_____. 1981. Resource dispersion and the social organization of the red fox 
     (Vulpes vulpes). Pages 918-948 in J. A. Chapman and D. Pursley, eds.
     Proc. Worldwide Furbearer Conf., Frostburg, Md.

_____, and P. J. BACON. 1982. Fox society, contact rates and rabies 
     epizootiology. Comp. Immun. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 5:247-256.

MARCSTROM, V. 1968. Tagging studies on the red fox (Vulpes v.) in Sweden.
     Viltrevy 5:103-117.

PILS, C. M., and M. A. MARTIN. 1978. Population dynamics, predator-prey 
     relationships and management of the red fox in Wisconsin. Wis. Dep. Nat.
     Resour. Tech. Bull. 105. 56pp.

SARGEANT, A. B. 1972. Red fox spatial characteristics in relation to waterfowl
     predation. J. Wildl. Manage. 36:225-236.

_____. 1982. A case history of a dynamic resource—the red fox. Pages 121-
     137 in G. C. Sanderson, ed. Midwest furbearer management. Proc. 1981 Symp.
     North Cent. Sect., Cent. Mt. and Plains Sect., and Kans. Chap., Wildl. 

_____, S. H. ALLEN, and R. T. EBERHARDT. 1984. Red fox predation on breeding 
     ducks in midcontinent North America. Wildl. Monogr. 89. 41pp.
_____, _____, and D. H. JOHNSON. 1981. Determination of age and whelping dates
     of live red fox pups. J. Wildl. Manage. 45:760-765.

_____, W. K. PFEIFER, and S. H. ALLEN. 1975. A spring aerial census of red 
     foxes in North Dakota. J. Wildl. Manage. 39:30-39.

SNEDECOR, G. W., and W. G. COCHRAN. 1980. Statistical methods. Iowa State Univ.
     Press, Ames. 507pp.

STEWART, R. E., and H. A. KANTRUD. 1972. Population estimates of breeding birds
     in North Dakota. Auk 89:766-788.

STORM, G. L., and K. D. DAUPHIN. 1965. A wire ferret for use in studies of 
     foxes and skunks. J. Wildl. Manage. 29:625-626.

_____, R. D. ANDREWS, R. L. PHILLIPS, R. A. BISHOP, D. B. SINIFF, and J. R. 
     TESTER. 1976. Morphology, reproduction, dispersal, and mortality of 
     midwestern red fox populations. Wildl. Monogr. 49. 82pp.

TRAUTMAN, C. G., L. F. FREDRICKSON, and A. V. CARTER. 1974. Relationship of red
     foxes and other predators to populations of ring-necked pheasants and 
     other prey, South Dakota. Trans. North Am. Wildl. Nat. Resour. Conf. 39:

TREWHELLA, W. J., S. HARRIS, and F. E. MCALLISTER. 1988. Dispersal distance, 
     home-range size and population density in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes): a
     quantitative analysis. J. Appl. Ecol. 25: 423-434.

TULLAR, B. F. 1983. An unusually long-lived red fox. N.Y. Fish Game J. 30:227.

_____, and L. T. BERCHIELLI. 1980. Movement of the red fox in central New York.
     N.Y. Fish Game J. 27:179-204.

VOIGT, D. R. 1987. Red fox. Pages 378-392 in M. Novak, S. A. Baker, M. E. 
     Obbard, and B. Malloch, eds. Wild furbearer management and conservation in
     North America. Ont. Trappers Assoc., North Bay.

_____, and R. L. TINLINE. 1982. Fox rabies and trapping: a study of disease and
     fur harvest interaction. Pages 139-156 in G. C. Sanderson, ed. Midwest 
     furbearer management. Proc. 1981 Symp., North Cent. Sect., Cent. Mt. and 
     Plains Sect., and Kans. Chap., Wildl. Soc.

Previous Section -- Management Implications
Return to Contents

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 05:48:34 EST
Reston, VA [vaww54]