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A Ten-Year History of the Demography and
Productivity of an Arctic Wolf Pack


FRITTS, S. H. and MECH, L. D. 1981.  Dynamics, movements and feeding ecology of 
     a newly protected wolf population in northwestern Minnesota. Wildlife
     Monograph 80:1-79.

FULLER, T. K.  1989.  Population dynamics of wolves in North-Central Minnesota.  
     Wildlife Monograph 105:1-41.
GESE, E. M., and MECH, L. D.  1991.  Dispersal of wolves (Canis lupus)in
     northeastern Minnesota, 1969-1989.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 69(12):

LAIKRE, L., and RYMAN, L.  1991.  Inbreeding depression in a captive wolf 
     population.  Conservation Biology 5(1):33-40. 

MARQUARD-PETERSEN, U.  1994. Dens and summer pack size of Arctic wolves in Hold
     with Hope, East Greenland.  Polar Record 30(172):46-49. 

MECH, L. D.  1970.  The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species.
     New York: Natural History Press, Doubleday Publishing Company.   

MECH, L. D.  1974.  Current techniques in the study of elusive wilderness 
     carnivores.  Proceedings of the Eleventh International Congress of Game 
     Biologists.  315-322.
MECH, L. D. 1988a.  Longevity in wild wolves.  Journal of Mammalogy 69(1):197-

MECH, L. D.  1988b.  The arctic wolf: Living with the pack.  Stillwater,
     Minnesota: Voyageur Press, 

MECH, L. D.  1993.  Resistance of young wolf pups to inclement weather. Journal
     of Mammalogy 74(2):485-486. 

MECH, L. D.  1994.  What more do we need to know about wolves and how do we
     learn it?  In: L. D. Carbyn, S. H. Fritts, and D. R. Seip, eds. Ecology
     and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Edmonton: Canadian
     Circumpolar Institute.     

MECH, L. D., and HERTEL, H. H.  1983.  An eight year demography of a Minnesota
     wolf pack.  Acta Zoologica Fennica 174:249-250.
MECH, L. D., and PACKARD, J. M.  1990.  Possible use of Wolf (Canis lupus)
     den over several centuries.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 104(3):484-485.
MEIER, T. J., BURCH, J. W., MECH, L. D., and ADAMS, L. G.  1994.  Pack 
     structure dynamics and genetic relatedness among wolf packs in a naturally
     regulated population.  In; L. D. Carbyn, S. H. Fritts, and D. R. Seip, 
     eds.  Edmonton:  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.
     Canadian Circumpolar Institute.  

MESSIER, F.  1985.  Solitary living and extra-territorial movements of wolves
     in relation to social status and prey abundance.  Canadian Journal of
     Zoology 63(2):239-245.
PETERSON, R. O.  1977.  Wolf Ecology and Prey Relationships on Isle Royale.
     U.S. National Park Service Science Monograph Series 11.210 p.
PETERSON, R. O., and PAGE, R. E.  1988.  The rise and fall of the Isle Royale
     wolves.  Journal of Mammalogy 69(1):89-99.
PETERSON, R. O., Woolington, J. D., and T. N. Bailey.  1984.  Wolves of the 
     Kenai Peninsula, Alaska.  Wildlife Monographs 88:1-52.

VAN BALLENBERGHE, V.  1983.  Extraterritorial movements and dispersal of wolves
     in southcentral Alaska.  Journal of Mammalogy 64(1):168-171. 

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