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Twenty-year Home-range Dynamics
of a White-tailed Deer Matriline


Aycrigg, J. L., and Porter, W. F.  1997.  Sociospatial dynamics of white-tailed 
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Dasmann, R. F., and Taber, R. D.  1956.  Behavior of Columbian black-tailed 
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Downing, R. L., and McGinnes, B. S.  1976.  Movement patterns of white-tailed 
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Downing, R. L., McGinnes, B. S., Petcher, R. P., and Sandt, J. L.  1969.  
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Dusek, G. L., Mackie, R. J., Herriges, J. D., Jr., and Compton, B. B.  1989.  
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Gilbert, F. F.  1966.  Aging white-tailed deer by annuli in the cementum of the 
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Halls, L. K. (Editor).  1984.  White-tailed deer: ecology and management.  
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Hawkins, R. E., and Klimstra, W. D.  1970.  A preliminary study of the social 
     organization of the white-tailed deer.  J. Wildl. Manage. 34:407-419.

Heinselman, M. L.  1996.  The boundary waters wilderness ecosystem.  University 
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Hirth, D. H.  1977.  Social behavior of white-tailed deer in relation to 
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Hoskinson, R. L.  1976.  The effect of different pilots on aerial telemetry 
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Miller, F. L.  1974.  Four types of territoriality observed in a herd of black-
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     International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 
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Nelson, M. E.  1990.  Gene flow, effective population size, genetic population 
     structure in white-tailed deer in northeastern Minnesota.  Ph.D. thesis, 
     University of Minnesota, St. Paul.  
Nelson, M. E.  1993.  Natal dispersal and gene flow in white-tailed deer in 
     northeastern Minnesota.  J. Mammal. 74:316-322.

Nelson, M. E.  1995.  Winter range arrival and departure of white-tailed deer 
     in northeastern Minnesota.  Can. J. Zool. 73:1069-1076.  

Nelson, M. E.  1998.  Development of migration behavior in northern white-
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Nelson, M. E., and Mech, L. D.  1981.  Deer social organization and wolf 
     predation in northeastern Minnesota.  Wildl. Monogr. No. 77.  

Nelson, M. E., and Mech, L. D.  1984.  Home range formation and dispersal of 
     deer in northeastern Minnesota.  J. Mammal. 65:567-575.

Nelson, M. E., and Mech, L. D.  1986a.  Mortality of white-tailed deer in 
     northeastern Minnesota.  J. Wildl. Manage. 50:691-698.

Nelson, M. E., and Mech, L. D.  1986b.  Deer population in the central Superior 
     National Forest, 1967-1985.  U.S. For. Serv. Res. Pap. NC-271.

Nelson, M. E., and Mech, L. D.  1987.  Demes within a northeastern Minnesota 
     deer population.  In Mammalian dispersal patterns.  Edited by B. D. Chepko-
     Sade and Z. Halpin.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago.  pp. 27-40. 

Nixon, C. M., Hansen, L. P., Brewer, P. A., and Chelsvig, J. E.  1991.  Ecology 
     of white-tailed deer in an intensively farmed region of Illinois.  Wildl. 
     Monogr. No. 118.

Ozoga, J. J., Verme, L. J., and Bienz, C. S.  1982.  Parturition behavior and 
     territoriality in white-tailed deer: impact on neonatal mortality.  J. 
     Wildl. Manage. 46:1-11.

Palmer, R. S.  1951.  The white-tailed deer of Tomhegan Camps, Maine, with 
     added notes on fecundity.  J. Mammal. 32:267-280.

Porter, W. F., Mathews, N. E., Underwood, H. B., Sage, R. W., and Behrend, D. F.  
     1991.  Social organization in deer: implications for localized management.  
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Robinette, W. L., Hancock, N. V., and Jones, D. A.  1977.  The Oak Creek mule 
     deer herd in Utah.  Publ. No. 77-15, Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, 
     Salt Lake City.

Severinghaus, C. W., and Cheatum, E. L.  1956.  Life and times of the white-
     tailed deer.  In The deer of North America.  Edited by W. P. Taylor, The 
     Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, Pa. pp. 57-186.

Staines, B. W.  1974.  A review of factors affecting deer dispersion and their 
     relevance to management.  Mammal Rev. 4:79-91.

Tierson, W. C., Mattfeld, G. F., Sage, R. W., and Behrend, D. F. 1985.  
     Seasonal movements and home ranges of white-tailed deer in the Adirondacks.  
     J. Wildl. Manage. 49:760-769.

Townsend, M. T., and Smith, M. W.  1933.  The white-tailed deer of the 
     Adirondacks.  Roosevelt Wildl. Bull. 6:161-325.

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