USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Twenty-year Home-range Dynamics
of a White-tailed Deer Matriline

Michael E. Nelson and L. David Mech


Abstract: We examined the seasonal migration and home-range dynamics of a multigeneration white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) matriline comprising six females from four generations spanning a 20-year period in northeastern Minnesota. All, from the matriarch to her great-granddaughter, migrated to the same summer and winter ranges, the longest individual record being 14.5 years. Three maternal females concurrently occupied exclusive fawning sites within their ancestral matriarch's summer range, while two nonmaternal females explored new areas and ranged near their mothers. One great-granddaughter expanded her summer range 1 km beyond the matriarch's summer range while essentially vacating half of her ancestors' range and becoming nonmigratory the last 4 years of her life. These data indicate that individual movements of matriline members can potentially expand their ranges beyond the areas occupied by their ancestors through a slow process of small incremental changes. This suggests that the rapid extension of deer range in eastern North America resulted from natal dispersal by yearling deer rather than from the type of home-range expansion reported here.
This resource is based on the following source (Northern Prairie Publication 1075):
Nelson, Michael E., and L. David Mech.  1999.  Twenty-year home-range 
     dynamics of a white-tailed deer matriline.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 
     77:1128-1135.

This resource should be cited as:

Nelson, Michael E., and L. David Mech.  1999.  Twenty-year home-range 
     dynamics of a white-tailed deer matriline.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 
     77:1128-1135.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center 
     Online.  http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/deermat/index.htm  
     (Version 31MAY2000).

Table of Contents

Figures


Michael E. Nelson1 and L. David Mech2. Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, 8711 - 37th St. SE, Jamestown, ND 58401-7317, U.S.A.

1 Author to whom correspondence should be sent at the following address: Kawishiwi Field Lab, SR 1, Box 7200, Ely, MN 55731, U.S.A.
2 Mailing address: North Central Forest Experiment Station, 1992 Folwell Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, U.S.A.


Downloading Instructions -- Instructions on downloading and extracting files from this site.
(Download) deermat.zip (178K) -- Twenty-year Home-range Dynamics of a White-tailed Deer Matriline
Installation: Extract all files and open index.htm in a web browser.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/deermat/index.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 05:46:53 EST
Menlo Park, CA [caww55]