Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Demographic Response of Black Bears at Cold Lake,
Alberta, to the Removal of Adult Males
Funding for this project was provided by the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research
Center of the Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey (BRD). Administrative
support was provided by the BRD Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit and the Department
of Wildlife Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. J.D. Clark, D.L.
Garshelis, D.H. Johnson, J.D. Nichols, A.B. Sargeant, T.L. Shaffer, and an anonymous
referee reviewed and greatly improved drafts of this paper. We especially thank
G.A. Kemp, the late B.F. Young, the Alberta Department of Energy and Natural
Resources (Fish and Wildlife Division), the Research Committee of the Graduate
School at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Gulf Canada Resources, Inc.,
for their roles in data collection.
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