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Do Wolves Affect White-Tailed Buck Harvest
In Northeastern Minnesota?

Table 2


Table 2.  Results of simple linear regressions to test the hypothesis that buck harvest should be inversely related to wolf numbers the previous winter if wolves strongly influence deer harvest. Only packs that prey on deer were included; all relationships are inverse.
Variables Years n r2 P
Dependent Independenta
Isabella buck kill Individual packsb 1975-1997 23   NS
Isabella buck kill Isabella packs 1975-1997 23   NS
Isabella buck kill Total population 1975-1997 23 0.14 0.08
Isabella buck kill Total population 1975-1997 22c 0.22 0.03
Ely buck kill Individual packs 1984-1997 14   NS
Ely buck kill Ely wolves 1984-1997 14   NS
Ely buck kill Total population 1984-1997 14   NS
Ely and Isabella buck kill Total population 1984-1997 14   NS
Adjacent buck kill Total population 1983-1997 15   NS
a Winter before the deer harvest.
b Six individual packs were tested.
c With 1984 removed as "outlier".

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