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Do Wolves Affect White-Tailed Buck Harvest
In Northeastern Minnesota?

Table 1


Table 1. Estimated size of the wolf population in the 2,060-km² census area of the central Superior National Forest (Mech 1986 and unpublished), and buck harvest for areas in and near the wolf census area (Lenarz 1997).
Year Wolf numbersa Buck harvest Adjacent
area
b
Deer-
dependent
Total Isabella
area
Ely area
1975 44 44 58 -- --
1976 56 56 52 -- --
1977 45 45 54 -- --
1978 48 50 34 -- --
1979 39 46 38 -- --
1980 47 54 50 -- --
1981 41 48 51 -- --
1982 36 47 43 -- --
1983 38 50 36 -- 584
1984 23 35 28 16 479
1985 30 54 60 5 634
1986 27 47 63 8 697
1987 22 48 96 17 930
1988 28 59 87 83 814
1989 46 79 77 69 672
1990 21 51 77 106 771
1991 20 56 93 111 588
1992 23 53 97 98 765
1993 26 55 45 96 472
1994 28 55 38 88 482
1995 26 55 62 101 390
1996 33 69 28 70 250
1997 28 56 39 63 200
a In previous winter. All wolf packs in the census area fed on deer in 1975, but as deer were depleted in some areas (Mech and Karns 1977), fewer packs relied on deer. The difference between total wolves and deer-dependent wolves represents packs dependent on moose.
b Minnesota Department of Natural Resources permit blocks 122-124 immediately west of the wolf census area.

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