Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Prolonged Winter Undernutrition and the Interpretation of Urinary Allantoin:Creatinine
Ratios in White-tailed Deer
This study was supported by the Special Projects Foundation of the Minneapolis
Big Game Club, National Rifle Association, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station (now
North Central Research Station), Minnesota Zoological Society, James Ford Bell
Foundation, and U.S. Geological Survey. We gratefully acknowledge M.D. Lewis
for technical laboratory support, W.J. Paul and many student interns for assistance
with animal care and handling, and M.R. Riggs for statistical consultation.
R. Moen and anonymous reviewers provided helpful comments on an early draft
of the manuscript.
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