USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Checklist and "Pollard Walk" Butterfly Survey Methods on Public Lands

By

Ronald A. Royer1, Jane E. Austin2, and Wesley E. Newton2


Abstract. -- Checklist and "Pollard Walk" butterfly survey methods were contemporaneously applied to seven public sites in North Dakota during the summer of 1995. Results were compared for effect of method and site on total number of butterflies and total number of species detected per hour. Checklist searching produced significantly more butterfly detections per hour than Pollard Walks at all sites. Number of species detected per hour did not differ significantly either among sites or between methods. Many species were detected by only one method, and at most sites generalist and invader species were more likely to be observed during checklist searches than during Pollard Walks. Results indicate that checklist surveys are a more efficient means for initial determination of a species list for a site, whereas for long-term monitoring the Pollard Walk is more practical and statistically manageable. Pollard Walk transects are thus recommended once a prairie butterfly fauna has been defined for a site by checklist surveys.
This resource is based on the following source (Northern Prairie Publication 1043):

Royer, Ronald A., Jane E. Austin, and Wesley E. Newton.  1998.  Checklist and "Pollard Walk" butterfly survey methods on public lands.  The American Midland Naturalist.  140(2):358-371.

This resource should be cited as:

Royer, Ronald A., Jane E. Austin, and Wesley E. Newton.  1998.  Checklist and "Pollard Walk" butterfly survey methods on public lands.  The American Midland Naturalist.  140(2):358-371.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/insects/butsurv/index.htm (Version 05JAN1999).


Table of Contents


1Division of Science, Minot State University, 500 University Avenue West, Minot, ND 58707
2U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, 8711 37th Street SE, Jamestown, ND 58401
Downloading Instructions -- Instructions on downloading and extracting files from this site.
(Download) butsurv.zip ( 69K) -- Checklist and "Pollard Walk" Butterfly Survey Methods on Public Lands
Installation: Extract all files and open index.htm in a web browser.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/insects/butsurv/index.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Saturday, 02-Feb-2013 05:10:43 EST
Menlo Park, CA [caww54]