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Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

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Atlas of North Dakota Butterflies

Black Swallowtail (Papilio (Papilio) polyxenes)

  • BND: Black Swallowtail; Papilio (Papilio) polyxenes Fabricius, 1775
  • BNA: Black Swallowtail; Papilio polyxenes
  • Habitat: Gardens, prairie hilltops, always near Umbelliferae; sporadic westward
  • Larval food: Wild Umbelliferae, incl. Daucus, Zizea
  • Adult flight: Two broods, May and July
  • References: Royer 59, Layberry et al. 82, Opler & Krizek 44, Scott 171
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