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Atlas of North Dakota Butterflies

California Tortoise Shell (Nymphalis californica)


  • BND: California Tortoise Shell; Nymphalis californica (Boisduval, 1852)
  • BNA: California Tortoiseshell; Nymphalis californica
  • NDC: NYCA
  • Habitat: A western woodland species that occasionally establishes colonies in the upper Midwest
  • Larval food: Ceanothus spp.
  • Adult flight: Sporadic late summer records from ND; no known resident colonies exist
  • References: Royer 145, Ferris & Brown 335, Scott 290
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