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Atlas of North Dakota Butterflies

Hop Merchant (Polygonia comma)


  • BND: Hop Merchant; Polygonia comma (Harris, 1842)
  • BNA: Eastern Comma; Polygonia comma
  • NDC: POCO
  • Habitat: Shady woodlands, sunlit patches late afternoon; adults drink running sap and juices of rotting fruit
  • Larval food: Urtica spp., possibly also Ulmus
  • Adult flight: Overwinters as adult, appearing April-May to produce a dark-winged summer form by late June. These in turn produce a second, light-winged, overwintering brood in August.
  • References: Royer 139, Opler & Krizek 151, Scott 284
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