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Reptiles and Amphibians of North Dakota

Canadian Toad (Bufo hemiophrys)

species distribution map JPG -- Species Photo


Canadian toads are also referred to as Dakota toads. They are average-sized toads reaching a length of 2-3 inches. In North Dakota they are found east of the Missouri River. The coloration varies from green to brownish red, with brownish-red warts. A light line may be found down the middle of the back.

These toads inhabit margins of lakes, ponds, and prairie potholes. They are primarily nocturnal and are strong swimmers. To avoid capture they readily seek the safety of water. They can burrow into the ground using their hind feet, much like the spadefoot toad.

Both American toads and Canadian toads have heavily spotted bellies.


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