Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Reptiles and Amphibians of North Dakota
Canadian Toad (Bufo hemiophrys)
Canadian toads are also referred to as Dakota toads. They are average-sized
toads reaching a length of 2-3 inches. In North Dakota they are found east of
the Missouri River. The coloration varies from green to brownish red, with brownish-red
warts. A light line may be found down the middle of the back.
These toads inhabit margins of lakes, ponds, and prairie potholes. They
are primarily nocturnal and are strong swimmers. To avoid capture they readily
seek the safety of water. They can burrow into the ground using their hind
feet, much like the spadefoot toad.
Both American toads and Canadian toads have heavily spotted bellies.
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