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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Red Salamander, Pseudotriton ruber

Northern Red Salamander
The Red Salamander, Pseudotriton ruber, is divided up into four subspecies. Unless otherwise indicated, the photos shown here are of the Northern Red Salamander, P. r. ruber. Red Salamanders are robust for lungless salamanders (Plethodonidae) and attain lengths from 4 to 6 inches. They are typically red or orange. Some specimens such as that shown to the right may be a reddish brown. Usually they are brightly colord as juveniles and become a duller or darker color with age. They have many irregularly shaped black dorsal spots. The photo below left is a larva. Note the external gills.
Northern Red Salamander larvae Northern Red Salamander
Northern Red Salamander
Northern Red Salamander
Red slamanders kan be found by overturning objects such as stones and logs, in or near small brooks, springs or seaps, in either woods or meadows, as long as the water is clear, cool and flowing to some degree.
Black-chinned Red Salamander Black-chinned Red Salamander
Immediately above are two examples of the Black-chinned Red Salamander, P. r. schencki.
Below is a range map showing the distribution of the various subspecies of the Red Salamnder, including the Blue Ridge Red Salamander, P. r. nitidus, and the Southern Red Salamander, P. r. vioscai, which are not shown here.
Red Salamander Range

Notice:  All images contained hereafter are the property of the said photographer. They are not to be reproduced, copied, printed, stored, or distributed without written permission of the photographer.

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