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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Southern Ravine Salamander, Plethodon richmondi


Southern Ravine Salamander
The Southern Ravine Salamander may attain lengths up to 5 inches. Their dorsal coloration is dark brown to black with small whitish flecks. Sometimes along the sides are slightly larger whitish flecks that form a band as can be seen in this photo. The belly is uniformly black with white mottling on the throat. They prefer wooded slopes of valleys and ravine. During spring and fall they can be found on the surface under leaf litter and other debris, but they burrow into the ground or retreat into deep, moist crevices to avoid the warmer temperatures of summer. Like other salamanders of genus Plethodon they are completely terrestrial (though dependent upon moisture), laying eggs that hatch directly into salamanders with no larval stage. They are often found at high elevations in the southern part of their range. Their distribution is certered around the area where Ohio, West Virginia and Kentucky meet.
Southern Ravine Range

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