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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Oak Toad, Bufo quercicus


Oak Toad, Bufo quercicus
The Oak Toad, Bufo quercicus, is the smallest toad in North America reaching sizes up to 1.3 in. In addition to its small size, is easily identified by the size of its relatively long parotid glands. There is a middorsal stripe that can be white, orange, yellow or beige.There are ususally 4-5 pairs of dark spots on the back as well. Within in its range, the only other toad with relatively large parotid glands is the Cane Toad, B. marinus, but this species reaches very large sizes and has no distinct color pattern (though it does have a middorsal stripe). The Oak Toad is found in southern pine woods in areas with loose, sandy soils. It is also active primarily during the day, in contrast to most other toads of the genus Bufo. Breeding occurs from April to October in shallow pools and ditches after warm, heavy rains. The photo above shows an Oak from southeast Florida.
Oak Toad Distribution

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