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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Cane Toad, Bufo marinus


Cane Toad, Bufo marinus
The Cane Toad, Bufo marinus (also called the Giant Toad or Marine Toad), is the largest toad in eastern North America reaching sizes up to 6 in. or more. It has no distinct pattern but is easily identified by the size of its huge parotid glands which extend form just behind the eye down onto the forearms. In Florida, where the Cane Toad was introduced, the only other toad with relatively large parotid glands is the Oak Toad, B. quercicus, but this species is very small, reaching maximum sizes under 1.5 in. It also has a clear middorsal stripe. In south Texas, where Cane Toads exist naturally, the Eastern Green Toad, B. d. debilis also has relatively large parotid glands, but this species is usually green to yellow-green and small, not more than 2 in. Cane Toads have also been introduced in Hawaii. They are highly toxic and there has been cases where dogs that have mouthed these toads have died. Wash your hands after handling any Cane Toad! The photo above shows a Cane Toad from the Ft. Lauderdale, FL, area foraging for insects on the stoop of a house under a door light.
Cane Toad Distribution

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