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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Long-tailed Salamander, Eurycea longicauda
Three-lined Salamander, Eurycea guttolineata


Long-tailed Salamander
There are two subspecies of Long-tailed Salamanders, Eurycea longicauda. One is also called Long-tailed Salamander (no attempt has been made to give the species a collective name different from the common names of the subspecies), E. l. longicauda and the Dark-Sided Salamander, E. l. melanopleura. The photos shown on this page are all E. l. longicauda. Another species, the Three-lined Salamander, Eurycea guttolineata, was previously regarded as a subspecies of the Long-tailed (E. l. guttolineata), but some researchers feel that the data indicates that it deserves separate species status. The specimen to the right is from Kentucky.
Long-tailed Salamander
The two subspecies of the Long-tailed Salamander and the Three-lined Salamander are very slender with tails that may be up to two-thirds of the total length in adults, which can be 6 inches or more. They generally have a yellow to dark orange or even red background color. The eastern subspecies of the Long-tailed Salamander, Eurycea l. longicauda is the only salamander in the east that has dark vertical markings on a light tail (see photo). The western subspecies, the Dark-Sided Salamander (not shown), E. l. melanopleura, has dark sides and a light dorsal surface with small spots. The Three-lined Salamander (not shown), Eurycea guttolineata, is the only salamander with three dark lines, one on each side and one in the center of the back. this middorsal stripe is sometimes broken up into a row of spots.
Long-tailed Salamander Range

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