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Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide

Couch's Spadefoot, Scaphiopus couchii

Couch's Spadefoot The Couch's Spadefoot is found from extreme southeastern California, southern New Mexico and Arizona, much of northern and central Texas and southwest Oklahoma. Southerly they extend through Baja California and into Mexico.
The Couch's Spadefoot is the largest spadefoot attaining a length around 3 inches. The color is usually a shade of light green to yellow with darker green and yellow markings. There are exceptions to the rule and this is such a specimen shown here. This one is more of a gray with darker gray markings. An additional way to recognize spadefoots is to observe the pupil. They are vertical in the spadefoots whereas all the other toads and frogs in North America have horizontal pupils.
Couch's Spadefoot

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