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Suppression of Smooth Brome by Atrazine, Mowing, and Fire

Literature Cited


Becker, D.A.  1986.  Vegetation survey of Pipestone National Monument.  
     Final report to the National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office, 
     Omaha, NE.

BMDP Statistical Software, Inc.  1991.  Solo statistical system, Los 
     Angeles, CA.

Boehner, P.R.  1986.  Effect of pre-burn artificial litter and prescribed 
     burning on smooth brome (Bromus inermis Leyss.).  M.S. Thesis.  
     University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Bragg, T.B., and D.M. Sutherland.  1989.  Establishing warm-season grasses 
     and forbs using herbicides and mowing.  Pp. 81-89 in Proceedings of 
     the Eleventh North American Prairie Conference (T.B. Bragg and J. 
     Stubbendieck, eds.). University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.

Bush, B.L., S.S. Waller, B.E. Anderson, L.E. Moser, and R.M. Wozniak.  1989.  
     Sod seeded warm-season grass with and without sod supression.  
     Pp. 75-79 in Proceedings of the Eleventh North American Prairie 
     Conference (T.B. Bragg and J. Stubbendieck eds.). University of 
     Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.

Dill, T.O., S.S. Waller, K.P. Vogel, R.N. Gates, and W.W. Stroup.  1986.  
     Renovation of seeded warm-season pastures with atrazine.  J. Range 
     Manage. 39:72-75.

Eastin, J.D., M.R. Teel, and R. Langston.  1964.  Growth and development 
     of six varieties of smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) with 
     observations on seasonal variation of fructosan and growth regulators.  
     Crop Sci. 4:555-559.

Gillen, R.L., D. Rollins, and J.F. Stritzke.  1987.  Atrazine, spring burning, 
     and nitrogen for improvement of tallgrass prairie.  J. Range Manage. 
     40:444-447.

Hokanson, H.L., F.D. Lorenzen, J.J. Murray, and R.O. Paulson.  1976.  Soil 
     survey of Pipestone County, Minnesota.  U.S. Department of Agriculture - 
     Soil Conservation Service.

Kirsch, L.M., and A.D. Kruse.  1972.  Prairie fires and wildlife.  Proceedings 
     of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 12:289-303.

Kuneluis, H.T., L.B. Macleod, and F.W. Calder.  1974.  Effects of cutting 
     management on yields, digestibility, crude protein, and persistence of 
     timothy, bromegrass, and orchard grass. Can. J. Plant. Sci. 54:55-64. 

Launchbaugh, J.L. (ed.).  1966.  A stand establishment survey of grass plantings 
     in the Great Plains.  Great Plains Council Report 23, Lincoln, NE. 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).  1990.  Local 
     climatological data, Pipestone, Minnesota.  National Climatic Data 
     Center, Asheville, N.C.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).  1991.  Local 
     climatological data, Pipestone, Minnesota.  National Climatic Data 
     Center, Asheville, NC.

Old, S.M.  1969.  Microclimate, fire, and plant production in a Illinois prairie.  
     Ecol. Monogr. 39:355-384.

Peterson, J.L., R.L. Potter, and D.N. Ueckert.  1983.  Evaluation of selected 
     herbicides for manipulating herbaceous rangeland vegetation.  Weed Sci. 
     31:735-739.

Plumb, G.  1988.  Atrazine of little value on a native grassland reseeding 
     (South Dakota).  Restor. Manage. Notes 6:90-91.

Reynolds, J.H., and D. Smith.  1962.  Trend of carbohydrate reserves in alfalfa, 
     smooth bromegrass, and timothy grown under various cutting schedules.  Crop 
     Sci. 2:333-336.

Rosburg, T.R., and D.C. Glenn-Lewin.  1992.  Effects of fire and atrazine on pasture 
     and remnant prairie plant species in southern Iowa.  Pp. 107-112 in Proceedings 
     of the Twelfth North American Prairie Conference (D.D. Smith and C.A. Jacobs eds.).  
     University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA.

Samson, J.F., and L.E. Moser.  1982.  Sod-seeding perennial grasses into eastern 
     Nebraska pastures.  Agron. J. 74:1055-1060.

Spraque, M.A., R. D. Ilnicki, R.W. Chase, and A.H. Kates.  1960.  Growth of forage 
     seedlings in competition with parially killed grass sod.  Crop Sci. 2:52-55.

Teel, M.R.  1956.  The physiological age of bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) as it 
     affects growth rate following defoliation.  Ph.D. Dissertation.  Purdue 
     University, Lafayette, IN.

Waller, S.S., and D.K. Schmidt.  1983.  Improvement of eastern Nebraska tallgrass 
     range using atrazine or glyphosate.  J. Range Manage. 36:87-90.

Willson, G.D.  1991.  Morphological characteristics of smooth brome used to determine 
     a prescribed burn date.  Pp. 113-116 in Proceedings of the Twelfth North American 
     Prairie Conference (D.D. Smith and C.A. Jacobs eds.).  University of Northern Iowa, 
     Cedar Falls, IA.

Wright, H.A., and A.W. Bailey.  1982.  Fire ecology, United States and Southern 
     Canada.  John Wiley and Sons, New York.

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