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Riparian Ecosystem Creation and Restoration:
A Literature Summary


Table 3. Three well-documented case studies of riparian ecosystem creation/ restoration projects from the WCR Data Base.

Location Objectives Techniques used Responses measured Sources
Lower Colorado River
Imperial County, border of Arizona and CaliforniaRestore/create wildlife habitat on dredge spoilRemove salt cedar; till; fertilize; plant trees and shrubs; seed grasses; stabilize banks; irrigateVegetation; nongame birds; shorebirds; waterfowl; mammals; reptiles; invertebrates; soil; water quality; hydrologyOhmart et al. (1977), Anderson and Ohmart (1979, 1982, 1984, 1985), Anderson et al. (1979, 1984), Disano et al. (1984)
Des Plaines River Wetlands Demonstration Project
Lake County, IllinoisRestore braided stream for wildlife habitat, flood control, water quality improvement, and recreationWiden floodway; form braided stream; create pond shelf in gravel pit; increase river surface area; decrease river depth; plant trees and shrubs; seed grassesVegetation; water quality; water chemistry; waterfowl; shorebirds; fish; amphibians; reptiles; human use; economics; hydrologyHey et al. (1982), Hey and Philippi (1985a, b), Smith and Sather (1985), Holtz (1986), Hey (1988)
Agrico Swamp Reclamation Project
Polk County, FloridaRestore wildlife habitat and water quality of phosphate- mined landRecontour land; form ponds; add soil; plant trees, shrubs, and emergentsVegetation; invertebrates; water quality; hydrology; fish; nongame birds; waterfowlErwin (1986)

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