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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview

19th Century Montana Explorers and Expeditions


Table 3.  List of forts and trading posts in Montana with date established and approximate location.

List of abbreviations:

nb = north bank                           e = east
sb = south bank                           w = west
eb = east bank                            R. = River
wb = west bank                            Cr. = Creek
confl. = confluence                       Yell. = Yellowstone 
Mo. = Missouri 

Fort / Post Date Approximate Location
Fort Alexander 1842 Yell. R. nb at Forsyth
Fort Andrews 1882 Mo. R. nb w of UL Bend
Assiniboine ---- Milk R. sb near Havre
Badger Creek Post ---- se of Browning
Baker's Post ---- Milk R. sb near Dodson
Camp Baker ---- Smith River near Fort Logan
Fort Belknap 1871 Milk R. nb near Chinook
Fort Benton 1850 Mo. R. nb at Ft. Benton
Fort Benton 1821 Yell. R. sb at confl. with Big Horn R.
Brasseau's House 1856 Yell. R. nb near Savage
Bridger Pass Camp ---- ne of Bozeman
Fort Browning 1868 Milk R. sb near Dodson
Brown's Post 1880 Flatwillow Cr. near Flatwillow
Fort Buford 1866 Mo. R. nb w of the confl. with the Yell. R.
Camp Canby ---- Yell. R. sb at Glendive
Fort Campbell 1840 Mo. R. sb at Ft. Benton
Fort Carroll 1874 Mo. R. sb 15 mi. e of the Robinson Bridge
Fort Cass 1831 Yell. R. sb at confl. with Big Horn R.
Fort Chardon 1848 Mo. R. nb at confl. with Judith R.
Fort Charles 1861 Mo. R. sb 12 mi. w of Wolf Point
Fort Clagget ---- Mo. R. sb at confl. with Judith R.
Fort Clay ---- Mo. R. nb at Ft. Benton
Fort Connah or Flathead Post 1847 n of St. Ignathius
Fort Conrad 1875 Marias R. nb near Shelby
Camp Cooke ---- Mo. R. sb at confl. with Judith R.
Fort Copeland 1865 Mo. R. nb confl. with Milk R.
Fort C.F. Smith ---- Bighorn R. sb near Ft. Smith
Fort Cotton or Fort Lewis 1845 Mo. R. near Carter
Crow Agency ---- near Absarokee
Fort Custer ---- Bighorn R. at confl. with Little Bighorn R.
Fort Dauphin 1860 Mo. R. nb near Frazer
Fort Elizabeth Meagher ---- near Bozeman
Fort Ellis ---- near Bozeman
Fort Fizzle ---- on Lolo Creek w of Lolo
Flathead Fort or Saleesh House 1822 Clark Fork R. nb w of confl. with Thompson R.
Fort Gallatin ---- Gallatin R. at nw corner Yellowstone NP.
Fort Galpin 1862 Mo. R. nb w of confl. with Milk R.
Fort Gilbert 1851 Yell. R. nb near Sidney
Hammel's House 1853 Marias R. s of Shelby
Fort Harrison ---- Helena
Fort Hawley 1866 Mo. R. sb 15 mi. e Robinson Bridge
Fort Henry or Bighorn Post 1823 Yell. R. sb near Custer
Fort Howes ---- near Sonnette (sw of Broadus)
Howe's House 1810 n end of Flathead Lake near Bigfork
Fort Howie ---- on n fork of Musselshell near Checkerboard
Camp Ida Thoroughman ---- Yell. R. nb at confl. with Shields R.
Fort Jackson 1833 Mo. R. nb at Poplar
Juneaux's Fort ---- Lewistown
Juneaux's Post or Fort Turnay 1872 Milk R. sb at Hinsdale
Fort Kaiser 1865 Mo. R. nb near Fort Peck
Fort Keogh ---- Yell. R. sb at Miles City
Fort Kipp or Fort Moffat 1880 Mo. R. nb w of confl. with Big Muddy Creek
Fort Kootenai 1808 Kootenai R. nb near Libby
Kootenai Post 1811 Kootenai R. nb near Libby
Fort Labarge 1862 Mo. R. nb at Fort Benton
Camp Lewis ---- Lewistown
Little Belt Mountain City 1875 Mo. R. sb 15 mi. e of Robinson Bridge
Fort Logan ---- Smith R. wb about 20 mi. nw of White Sulphur Springs
Fort Maginnis ---- ne of Lewistown
Fort Manuel Lisa or Fort Ramon 1807 Yell. R. sb near Custer
Fort McKenzie 1832 Mo. R. nb near Loma
Camp Merritt ---- near Lame Deer
Fort Missoula ---- Missoula
Fort Musselshell 1869 Mo. R. sb at confl. with Musselshell R.
Kerchival City 1866
Fort Sheridan 1870
Fort Owen 1850 Bitterroot R. eb near Victor
Fort Parker ---- Yell. R. sb at confl. with Sheilds R.
Fort Pease 1875 Yell. R. sb near Custer
Fort Peck 1867 Mo. R. nb near Fort Peck
Pickett's Corral 1866 Milk R. nb near Harlem
Fort Piegan 1831 Mo. R. sb near Loma
Fort Poplar ---- Mo. R. nb near Poplar
Poplar Post ---- Mo. R. nb near Poplar
Camp Porter ---- Yell. R. nb at Glendive
Power-Norris Post 1881 Mo. R. sb at confl. Judith R.
Power's Post ---- Milk R. nb near Havre
Price's Post ---- Milk R. sb w of Chinook
Price's Post ---- Milk R. nb at Dodson
Reed's Fort 1874 Lewistown
Camp Reeve ---- Mo. R. sb 30 mi. e Robinson Bridge
Robert's Post ---- Judith Gap
Rocky Point Camp ---- Mo. R. sb 15 mi. e Robinson Bridge
Fort Sarpy or Meldrum's Post 1850 Yell. R. nb e of Rosebud Ck. near Thurlow
Fort Sarpy 1857 Yell. R. nb w of Forsyth
Fort Shaw ---- Sun River at Fort Shaw
Fort Sherman or Story's Fort 1873 Lewistown
Stanley's Stockade ---- Yell. R. sb at Glendive
Steven's Cantonment ---- Bitterroot R. eb near Corvallis
Fort Steward 1854 Mo. R. nb w of confl. with Big Muddy Creek
Terry's Landing ---- Yell. R. sb near Custer
Terry's Supply Camp ---- Yell. R. sb near Terry
Tounge River Cantonment ---- Yell. R. sb at Miles City
Three Forks Post or Fort Henry 1810 Mo. R. at Three Forks
Tom Campbell's House 1870 Milk R. sb near Vandalia
Fort Union 1828 Mo. R. nb w of confl. with Yell. R.
Fort Van Buren or Fort Tullock 1835 Yell. R. sb at confl. with Rosebud Cr.
Fort William 1833 Mo. R. nb at confl. with Yell. R.
Wilder's Landing 1875 Mo. R. sb 15 mi e Robinson Bridge
Wolf Point Post 1885 Mo. R. nb near Wolf Point
Fort Yellowstone ---- Near Mammoth Hot Springs

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