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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview

19th Century Montana Explorers and Expeditions


Table 1.  A summary of explorers or expeditions entering or approaching (denoted by *) Montana during the 1800s with at least some recorded natural history information.

Note: The rating in the General Natural History Notes column is a general rating of the natural history content of the written record left by the explorer or expedition. This rating does not reflect the overall quality of the written record.


Explorer or Expedition Dates Purpose of
Expedition
General Natural
History Notes
Scientific
Studies
Leraye/Pardo 1802 fur trade ? no
Lewis & Clark 1804-06 exploration good yes
LaRocque 1805 fur trade fair no
Hunt 1811 fur trade ? no
Nuttall/Bradury* 1811 scientific fair yes
Thompson 1808-12 fur trade fair no
Cox 1812 fur trade poor no
McKenzie 1818-21 fur trade poor no
Ross 1819-24 fur trade poor no
Ashley/Henry 1806-25 fur trade poor no
Ogden 1825 fur trade fair no
Douglas* 1824-33 scientific good yes
Wilhelm 1830 scientific lost yes
Maximilian 1833-34 scientific good yes
Ferris 1831-34 fur trade fair no
Work 1824-32 fur trade fair no
Catlin 1832 artistic good no
Wyeth 1833 fur trade fair yes
Russell 1833-43 fur trade good no
Wilkes* 1838-42 scientific good yes
DeSmet 1840-70 religious fair yes
Audubon 1843 scientific good yes
Geyer 1843 scientific good yes
Burke 1845 scientific poor yes
Palliser 1847-48 hunting good no
Denig/Chardon/Larpenteur extended period fur trade fair no
Culbertson 1850 scientific good yes
Kurz 1851-52 artistic fair no
Gore 1854-56 hunting lost no
Stevens 1853-54 exploration good yes
Hayden 1854-55 paleontology good yes
Warren 1855-57 exploration good yes
Raynolds 1859-60 exploration good yes
British N.A. 1857-60 exploration good yes
Northwest Boundary 1857-61 exploration good/lost yes
Stuart 1875-1916 mining, ranching poor no
Mullan/Blake 1859-60 military good yes
Yellowstone 1863 exploration fair no
DeLacy 1863 exploration poor no
Powder River Campaigns 1865 military poor no
Mathews 1860s artistic fair no
Koch 1869-70 fur trade fair no
Folsom/Cook 1869 exploration fair no
Washburn/Doane 1870 exploration fair no
Hayden 1871-72 scientific good yes
Messiter 1871-72 hunting good no
N. Pacific Railroad 1871-73 exploration good yes
Roberts 1872 scientific fair yes
Jones 1873 exploration good yes
N. Boundary Commission 1873-74 exploration, scientific good yes
Custer* 1874 exploration good yes
Dunraven 1874 hunting fair no
Yellowstone Wagon Rd. 1874 exploration fair no
Ludlow/Grinnell 1875 scientific good yes
Military Campaigns 1875-77 military poor-good yes
Doane 1876 exploration fair no
N. Pacific Railroad 1880-83 exploration good yes
Hornaday 1886 scientific good yes
Garfield Univ. 1889 scientific poor yes
Merriam/Bailey 1890 scientific good yes
Evermann 1890-91 scientific good yes
Cameron 1900s scientific good yes
Leiberg/Ayers 1898-04 scientific good yes

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Next Section -- Section 2: Table 3

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