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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview

Annotation Of Expeditions And Individuals Recording Natural History Notes

Prince Maximilian of Wied and Karl Bodmer 1833-1834:

In 1833, the German Prince Maximilian and Karl Bodmer, his hired Swiss artist, ascended the Missouri River up to Fort McKenzie for the purpose of exploration and adventure. After staying at Fort McKenzie a little more than a month, they descended the River to Fort Clark where they spent the winter before returning to St. Louis. Maximilian kept a journal in which he recorded information on Indians and wildlife. Bodmer's paintings correspond well with Maximilian's journal and provide a visual record of his verbal descriptions. Taken together, the journal and paintings provide one of the best accounts of the Missouri River and adjacent plains prior to settlement. Figure 4 shows the route taken by this expedition.

Goetzmann, W.H, D.C. Hunt, M.V. Gallagher, and W.J. Orr.  Karl Bodmer's 
     America.  Univ. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

Gooseman, Mildred; J.G. Lepley; & Mark Brown. 1970.  The Missouri-
     timeless wilderness.  Reprinted from Montana, magazine of western 
     history. [Historical comparison photography against Bodmer's sketches 
     of the upper Missouri River.]

Maximilian, Prince of Wied.  1843.  Travels in the interior of 	North 
     America.  Ackermann & Co., London.

Maximilian, Alexander Phillip von.  1976.  Travels in the interior of 
     North America.  Dutton, New York.

Thwaites, R.G., ed.  1966a.  Part II of Maximilian, Prince of Wied's 
     travels in the interior of North America, 1832-1834.  in:
     Early Western Travels 1748-1846, Vol 23. AMS Press, Inc. New York

Thomas, D. and K. Ronnefeldt, eds.  1982.  People of the first man: life 
     among the plains Indians in their final days of glory; the first hand 
     account of Prince Maximillian's expedition up the Missouri River, 
     1833-34.  Promontory Press, New York. 256 pp. 

Thompson, L.S.  1985.  Montana's Explorers: The pioneer naturalists.  The 
     Montana Magazine, Helena.

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