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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview


Annotation Of Expeditions And Individuals Recording Natural History Notes


Sir George Gore, 1854-1856:

Gore was an extraordinarily wealthy Scottish nobleman who came to America for sport and adventure. All information of this expedition is of a secondhand nature. He hired the best mountain men of the day for his guides, including Jim Bridger, and it is from their accounts that we know his route and activities. His hunting party traveled from Fort Laramie down the Powder River to the Yellowstone River, then over to the Tongue River (Figure 12). Gore's party spent the winter at the mouth of the Tongue River where they were reported to have killed 6,000 bison, 1,600 elk and deer, and 105 grizzly bears. In the spring of 1856, he traveled down the Yellowstone to Fort Union. During a dispute with personnel at Fort Union over selling his equipment, Gore ordered his men to burn all of his equipment and supplies except his guns and alcohol (the entire supply was consumed by his men and spectators while the fire burned his wagons). The last thing thrown on the fire was his journal! Gore then led a hunting expedition to the Black Hills which ended abruptly near Sundance, WY, when Souix Indians took all the party's horses, guns, and clothes. Gore and his men survived this ordeal but he died in transit to Europe. The book by Roberts is a well written reconstruction of the expedition with previously unpublished journal notes and old photos.


Bibliography:
Heldt, F.G.  1876.  Sir George Gore's Expedition.  Montana Historical 
     Society Contributions.  State Publishing Company, Helena.  Vol. 
     I:144-148.

Roberts, J.  1977.  The amazing adventures of Lord Gore.  Sundance 	
     Publishing Co. Silverton, CO.
     

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