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Presettlement Wildlife and Habitat of Montana:
An Overview


Annotation Of Expeditions And Individuals Recording Natural History Notes


British North American Expedition, 1857-1860:

A decade after John Palliser embarked on his hunting adventures along the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers, he returned to North America to lead the British North American Expedition for the British Royal Geographical Society. Included on this expedition were Eugene Bourgeau (botanist), James Hector (geologist/naturalist), and Thomas Wright Blakiston (ornithologist). This expedition systematically explored southern Saskatchewan and Alberta, and frequently crossed the 49th parallel into parts of Montana, Idaho, and Washington (Figure 11). This was the first scientific survey of the region on Montana's northern border and the results were well documented.


Bibliography:
Blakiston, T.W.  1859.  Report of the exploration of two passes through 
     the mountains in 1858.  Woolwich.

Blakiston, T.W.  1859.  Report of the exploration of Kootenai and Boundary 
     Passes of the Rocky Mountains in 1858.  Occasional Papers of the 
     Royal Artillery Institution, London. I:237-254.

Blakiston, T.W.  1862-63.  On birds collected and observed in the interior 
     of British North America.  The Ibis 3:314-320, 4:3-10, 5:39-87, 
     122-155.

Hind, H.Y. 1860.  Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition 
     of 1857 and the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Expedition of 1858. 2 
     vols. London.

Palliser, J. 1863.  The journals - detailed reports and observations 
     relative to the explorations of that portion of British North America 
     which lies between the British boundary line and the height of land 
     or watershed of the northern or frozen ocean respectively and a 
     longitude between the western shore of Lake Superior and the Pacific 
     Ocean during the years 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860.  London.

Palliser, J. 1863.  Exploration - British North America. Eyre and
	 Spotteswoode, for H.M. Stationary Office, London.

Spry, I.M.  1963.  The Palliser Expedition: An account of John 	Palliser's 
     British North American Expedition 1857-1860.  The MacMillan Co., 
     Toronto.

Spry, I.M., ed.  1968.  The papers of the Palliser Expedition, 1857-1860.  
     The Champlain Society, Toronto.

Thompson, L.S.  1985.  Montana's Explorers: The pioneer naturalists.  The 
     Montana Magazine, Helena.
 

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Next Section -- The Northwest Boundary Survey, 1857-1861

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